Essential Financial Statements You Need To Receive From Your Bookkeeper

copy 160129 1280Although you cannot always expect yourself to know everything about accounting or bookkeeping, it really pays to have a basic knowledge of the documents you should expect to receive from a bookkeeper. Familiarizing yourself with the documents your bookkeeper is using will help you understand the reasons they are needed for your business. You are not expected to memorize every statement that bookkeepers are dealing with, but you need to make sure that you have a deeper understanding of the gist of the statements. 

Cash Flow Statement

The purpose of a Cash Flow Statement is to show you the movement of your assets over a period of time. There are several categories that the movement is broken down into: investing, operating and financing activities. The investing activities refer to the purchase and sale of various assets such as buying a new location. Operating activities refers to the tasks that the business regularly performs such as making a sale. Financing activities refer to paying or generating debt.

Balance Sheets

Your bookkeeper heavily relies on balance sheets to demonstrate profit and loss. As a business owner, it is your guide in determining the amount of money that is currently available. However, you should take note that the balance sheet does not necessarily reflect your specific investments. Your bookkeeper may go into the details of your statements, but it generally presents your business’ overall success.
The balance sheets are also referred to as statements of financial position. They are considered bookkeeping’s building block. They are often used by professional for additional statement creation or data analysis so conclusions can be drawn.

There are three essential elements that you can find in balance sheets: equity, assets and liabilities.

1. Equity refers to the capital left after the asset have been used for paying off liabilities.
2. Assets are the business-controlled items such as machinery and cash.
3. Liabilities are the items that your business owes such as loans.
If you are going to examine the balance statement, your business’ assets are equal to the sum of equity and the liabilities.

Income Statement

This statement shows the profit and loss, showing the losses and net profits for the current period. If you would like to know your business’ current income, the statement provides you the necessary details you need including sales revenue. Aside from the profit and loss, the statement also provides you details of your expenses such as the rent and wages. A net profit or net loss is taken from the difference between the expenses and income. Business owners have high hopes of seeing a net profit on an income statement.

Bookkeepers also use the statement to give recommendations and advice to business owners. It provides the bookkeeper an idea how profitable your business is. It also provides business owners with the next steps to take for the business to become more profitable.

A meaningful conversation with your bookkeeper about the purpose and functions of these statements will help you find out how you can improve your business so it can generate additional profit. Make sure your bookkeeper provides you these statements so you are well aware how your business is doing.

Andrew Donnelly

Written by : Andrew Donnelly

Andrew Donnelly is a degree qualified accountant and registered tax agent. He is the principal of Brisbane Bookkeepers, which provides bookkeeping services to small businesses in Brisbane and its immediate surrounds.

1000 Characters left


­ Questions? Give Andrew a call 0450 605 592

­